Copper Life Cycle Analysis - European Copper Institute

In this compilation of input and output data, the impacts from the production of process chemicals, power generation, etc. are also included. The ECI Life Cycle Inventory data are based on industry inputs covering the EU-25 production of refining/smelting, electrorefining and semi-production for the reference year 2005.

Copper - Department of Energy

5.2 Summary of Inputs/Outputs. The following lists the key inputs and outputs for copper extraction, beneficiation, and processing. Key inputs and outputs are: Inputs. Electricity. Fuels. Explosives. Sulfuric Acid Solution. Water. Reagents. Chelator. Organic Solvent. Outputs. Copper Ore. Copper Concentrates. Copper Anodes.

Copper Production - Copper Development Association Inc.

From its original home buried underground in a mine to its use in a finished product such as wire or pipe, copper passes through a number of stages. When it is recycled it can pass through some over and over again.

Substance flow analysis of copper in production stage in the U.S. ...

Thus, the sub-process conditions during the production stage must be determined. Substance flow analysis (SFA) can provide information on copper cycles with a framework, which may aid in discerning the input, output and change in copper flow conditions at different stages at the regional and country levels. The stocks...

Sustainability analysis of copper extraction and processing using ...

Sustainability analysis of copper extraction and processing using LCA methods by. Julio Castro Molinare. A thesis submitted for the degree of. Doctor of Philosophy of the. Imperial College London. December 2014. Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine. Royal School of Mines. Department of Earth Science...

MIPAC Copper Concentration Monitor

The Copper Concentration Monitor is a rugged online process solution that ... process, removing the need for manual chemical analysis during electro ... Inputs and Outputs: Analog Output: 1 x 4 to 20 mA isolated output. Digital Output: 1 x relay contact. Digital Input: 2 x relay contact. Enclosure Rating : IP65. Temperature...

Chapter 82 - Metal Processing and Metal Working Industry

The ore concentrates, which contain copper sulphide and iron sulphide minerals, are treated by pyrometallurgical processes to yield high purity copper products. Oxide ores, which contain copper oxide minerals that may occur in .... Table 82.1 Process materials inputs and pollution outputs for copper smelting and refining...

Outputs | Antofagasta PLC

The Group's mining operations produce copper with by-products of gold, molybdenum and silver. Los Pelambres and Centinela produce copper concentrate containing gold and silver, which is sold to smelters for further processing and refining into copper cathodes as well as producing gold and silver. Centinela also...

Copper - Princeton University

SOURCE: Charles H. Pitt and Milton E. Wadsworth. An Assessment of Energy Requlrernents in Proven and New Copper Processes, report prepared for the US Depart- ment of Energy, contract no. ... 1 to 2 percent of the energy input is used to cre- ate new surfaces on the mineral particles. Meth- ods that could improve...

Control of an industrial copper solvent extraction process - Aaltodoc

copper solvent extraction process is presented. The stabilizing layer consists of a multi- input multi-output controller or two single-input single-output controllers with additional four feedforward compensators that regulate the flow rates in the copper solvent extraction process. The optimization layer consists of an optimizer...

Water Accounting Framework - Minerals Council of Australia

5.2.2 Copper-Gold Mine Input-Output Model . ..... Further, it is likely that the process of generating water accounts, will lead in the medium-term, to the acquisition and communication of water data that helps ... The Input-Output Statement is a list of the inputs, outputs and diversions with their associated water quality category.

Furnaces for the copper industry - ANDRITZ Group

ANDRITZ Maerz offers converter, melting and refining furnaces for primary and secondary copper production, as well as for the processing copper industry. ... Solid and liquid input can be handled; Accurate dosage during the casting process by controlled rotation of the furnace vessel; Tuyere technology for gaseous and...

Process parameters optimization for multiple-inputs-multiple-outputs ...

Dec 29, 2016 ... Abstract: This study aims to optimally set the operational parameters of pulsed green laser welding with copper. Multi input parameters and critical-to-quality outputs were considered. The chosen inputs were power, pulse duration and pressured air flow, while the outputs were the maximum force handled...

OSA | Pressure dependence of copper laser output characteristics

Output characteristics of a large-bore (8-cm-diameter) copper laser were analyzed at different neon pressures. Radial delay decreased from ~ 40 ns at 30 Torr to ~ 10 ns at 110 Torr because of increased plasma impedance. When the laser was running as an amplifier, the best power was achieved at approximately 80 Torr...

Deutsches Kupferinstitut: analysis for copper products

This Life Cycle study has been performed through cooperation between the Deutsches Kupferinstitut (DKI), IME Aachen, PE Europe, the European Copper Institute and the global ... In this compilation of input and output data, the impacts from the production of process chemicals, power generation, etc. are also included.

Comparative study on life cycle environmental impact ... - IOPscience

The second type is the inventory data of raw materials and energy, such as the input/output data of copper or aluminium during mining, smelting, and processing, etc. The first type of data is sourced from the monitored data of company survey and the second one is sourced from CNLCD and relevant literatures. See the table.

9(p) Biogeochemical Cycling: Inputs and Outputs of Nutrients to ...

Living organisms require the availability of about 20 to 30 chemical elements for the various of metabolic processes that take place in their bodies. Some products of this metabolism require relatively few nutrients for their production. For example, carbohydrates are photosynthesized from just water and carbon dioxide.

SimaPro 7 - PRé Sustainability

Both types of data include the same emissions outputs and resource inputs. The data collection and processing are further described in deliverable 3-1 and 4-1 ... 3. BO (Food carbon, including tobacco). 4. CC (Coal carbon). 5. CH (Crude oil and natural gas carbon). 6. CO (Carbonate carbon). 7. Cu (Copper). 8. Fe (Iron). 9.

Optimal control of copper concentrate blending and melting based ...

intelligent system for optimal control of copper concentrate blending and melting using neural network (Matlab NNTool), adaptive neuro-fuzzy (hybrid network Matlab ... base of rules required for connection of input and output variables should be ... garbage out" is true, so the pre-processing of the input data for network...

Wire drawing - Wikipedia

Wire drawing is a metalworking process used to reduce the cross-section of a wire by pulling the wire through a single, or series of, drawing die(s). There are many applications for wire drawing, including electrical wiring, cables, tension-loaded structural components, springs, paper clips, spokes for wheels, and stringed...

Calculation of direct and indirect material inputs by type of raw ...

approach of expanded hybrid input-output table (IOT) has been developed, which combines the standard ..... tendency of shifting extraction of raw material and also primary processing of raw material to the rest of the ..... because in the next step of the chain, the primary processing of copper is put together in one production...

A Microeconometric Dynamic Structural Model of Copper Mining ...

Mar 30, 2016 ... model that integrates financial and output information and finds a depletion effect that is consistent .... only uncertainty on output price but also on the price of important inputs, such as energy, and ore ... Section. 2 provides a description of copper mining industry (history, extraction of processing techniques,.

novel modeling and control approach for performance improvement ...

Nov 30, 2007 ... an optimization algorithm that maximizes the production of the copper solvent extraction process and provides setpoints for the stabilizing control level. The stabilizing control level consists of a single input-single output control strategy employing two PI controllers or, alternatively, a multi input-multi output...

Dynamic modelling of an industrial copper solvent extraction process

Keywords: Copper solvent extraction; Dynamic simulation; Modelling; Mechanistic models; Mixer–settler; Process control. 1. Introduction. The copper ..... and loaded organic concentrations are states. The inputs, parameters and outputs are listed in Table 1. The flow rates, copper concentrations and organic tank level were...

Productivity in the Mining Industry - Productivity Commission

Dec 2, 2008 ... processes and outputs are open to public scrutiny and are driven by consideration for the wellbeing of the community as a .... 2.14 Copper ore mining: MFP, labour productivity and capital/labour ratio, 1974-75 to 2006-07. 29 .... A.16 Copper ore mining: Inputs, outputs and MFP. 126. A.17 Copper ore mining:...

Metal production - Energi og transport - Vestlandsforsking

Apr 5, 2009 ... The production of primary steel starts by reducing iron ore which is iron in oxidized form. During the process of reducing, oxygen is removed from the ore. The outcome of the reduction is dependant on whether the reduction takes place above or below the melting point of the ore 1. If the reduction.

Earth's anthrobiogeochemical copper cycle - Rauch - 2007 - Global ...

May 4, 2007 ... [6] While the grand nutrient cycles tend to emphasize atmospheric processes, examining copper changes the focus of these global cycles to address an .... [17] The mass of copper residing in the global atmosphere at any given time was computed based upon the mass balance of copper input and output...

Copper Ingot - The Blockheads Wiki

Aug 21, 2016 ... A Copper Ingot is a crafted item through the metalurrigical process of smelting copper ore. Copper ingots, along with tin ingots, are used primarily in the creation of bronze ingots. ... Location, Input Item 1, Input Item 2, Input Item 3, Input Item 4, Crafted Output. Tool Bench 2 Icon.png · Stick Icon.png, +, Copper...

COPPER RECYCLING ALTERNATIVES: AN ENVIRONMENTAL ...

(2001). These technology models provide the inventory of inputs and outputs to the process needed for the subsequent environmental assessment based on LCA methodology. 3.2 Reverberatory furnace. Figure 3 shows the flowsheet for the dedicated reprocessing of low grade copper scrap through a reverberatory furnace...

Material Flow Accounting for Metals in Japan

focuses only on copper flows, and Asia is chosen as the geographical boundary. ... sion from the analysis is that European copper flows as a ... Since this submodel expresses the smelting processes, inputs for this table are ores and scraps. And the outputs are. ''Materials.'' Originally, the EOL goods was inputs instead of.

Atomic Copper 29/S - Glensound

Precision telephone balancing unit / hybrid; -76dB separation, -94dBFS; Dual DSP; Dedicated Echo Cancellation; Automatic gain control and compression; Configurable auto answer; Serial and loop remote control options; LED PPMs for input and output; Analogue and AES inputs and outputs; 1U subrack; DIP switches for...

Avid VENUE | S6L | Specifications | Avid

Headphone outputs, 2 independent 1/4" TRS stereo headphone jacks. Ancillary I/O, DVI-D video out, 5 USB 2.0 (2 rear, 2 front, 1 internal), ECx Ethernet port for wired/wireless remote control, GPIO (8 in/8 out), 2 footswitch, Linear Time Code input, MIDI I/O. Ethernet AVB ports, 2 etherCON (copper), 2 selectable as etherCON...

The Life Cycle of Copper, its Co-Products and By-Products - CiteSeerX

Jan 24, 2002 ... no possibility of presenting a comprehensive yet comprehensible inventory of inputs and outputs from each stage of the life cycle process. More important, for reasons noted below, we make no attempt to perform a comprehensive evaluation of the various environmental impacts of copper mining, refining,...

Copper Environmental Profile - Copper Alliance

LCI is a key step in the LCA process. The LCI catalogues all the environmental inputs and outputs of a product system. Data may be collected firsthand from measurements and estimates of key activities, or the data may be based on information drawn from existing. LCI databases. For the global LCI on copper cathode,.

Copper Environmental Profile

The functional units for the study were 1000 kg each of copper, molybdenum and sulfuric acid, and 1 kg each of gold and silver. Life Cycle Inventory: LCI. Life cycle inventory (LCI) is a key step in the LCA process. The LCI catalogs all the environmental inputs and outputs of a product system. Data may be collected first-hand...

Statistical Evaluation and Optimization of Factors Affecting the ...

May 2, 2012 ... Statistical Evaluation and Optimization of Factors Affecting the Leaching Performance of Copper Flotation Waste. Semra Çoruh, 1 .... as Box-Behnken design. Factorial experiments are experiments that investigate the effects of two or more factors or input parameters on the output response of a process.

Copper and zinc oceanic mass balance revisited - Geotraces

They establish an up-to-date inventory of the input fluxes of these tracers with their isotopic signatures, discuss the internal processes that might fractionate both tracers and ... The oceanic mass balance of copper and zinc isotopes, investigated by analysis of their inputs, and outputs to ferromanganese oxide sediments.

Approaches to LCA - Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment ...

Approaches to Life Cycle Assessment. Assessing the environmental burdens of a product, process, or service can be a daunting task. An initial approach to completing a life cycle assessment is a process-based LCA method. In a process-based LCA, one itemizes the inputs (materials and energy resources) and the outputs...

Gerber Copper Fill - Artwork Conversion Software

The Copper Fill program generates small rectangular entities in areas of the board where there is no metal. ... If your inner layers are substantially filled with copper then you would not need to process these layers. However if they are ... It begins with the base of the input file and applies this suffix to the output file name.

Would it Take for Zambia's Copper Mining Industry to Achieve its

copper output per year (from 820,000 tonnes in 2010), though it is unlikely to be attained by 2011 as targeted. If Zambia ... prices are reasonably attractive, the cost of inputs low and the productivity of inputs high, even older mines can earn profits. For transport costs, location relative to processing and refining facilities is the.

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