All About the Trace - Soap Queen

Dec 3, 2014 ... Simply put, trace is a point in the soap making process when oils and lye water have emulsified. Once the soap has reached thin trace, it will continue to thicken over time. Pin. Mixing lye water and oils together starts the saponification process. Saponification occurs once the oil and lye molecules create...

Controlling Trace in Cold Process Soapmaking - Modern Soapmaking

What's actually the important part is that the oils and lye solution are emulsified, evenly mixed, and distributed in the raw soap mixture. Emulsification occurs right before trace. You can identify emulsification by checking that there is not any streaks of oil left in the raw soap mixture (and it has not yet begun to thicken.).

Making Soap - Saponification

The objective of this laboratory is to make lye soap via the saponification reaction. Background. Soap making has remained unchanged over the centuries. The ancient Roman tradition called for mixing rain water ... should thicken to a pudding-like consistency. 5. After approval by your instructor, add 2-3 drops of desired...

Lubricating Greases - SPX Flow

In soap greases the metallic soap consists of a long-chain fatty acid ... to 18 carbon atoms. A common form of soap-based grease uses lithium 12-hydroxystearate as the thickener. To properly thicken the grease the soap must be in the form of fibers of ... made by saponification (the process of forming soap by splitting.

Homemade Liquid Coconut Oil Soap - Oh, The Things We'll Make!

Oct 21, 2016 ... Making your own homemade liquid coconut oil soap is simple, thrifty, and very rewarding. The mixture will continue to thicken and will become more translucent. We are working on making a soap base paste to dissolve into a clear liquid soap. The process will take 3-4 hours, and you should check it and stir...

Preformed Thickeners for Grease Manufacturing - Ivanhoe Industries ...

Mar 11, 2015 ... The increasing interest in bio-based lubricants is one such scenario. In-situ soap production typically involves the use of a strong base such as lithium hydroxide (LiOH) or calcium oxide (CaO). Vegetable oils are sensitive to the presence of strong bases and care must be taken to avoid saponification.

Biogrease Based on Palm Oil and Lithium Soap Thickener - CiteSeerX

manufacturing greases with lithium soap as thickener. as saponification, soap dissolution, re-crystallization and. The purpose of this research is to prepare an homogenization [8]. A palm-grease is made using lithium eco-friendly palm-grease, for use in bearings, gear and soap thickener 15% and base oil 85% of total...

Soap - Wikipedia

In chemistry, a soap is a salt of a fatty acid. Household uses for soaps include washing, bathing, and other types of housekeeping, where soaps act as surfactants, emulsifying oils to enable them to be carried away by water. In industry, they are used as thickeners, components of some lubricants, and precursors to catalysts.

Saponification - Wikipedia

[edit]. Lithium derivatives of 12-hydroxystearate and other fatty acids are important constituents of lubricating greases. In lithium-based greases, lithium carboxylates are thickeners. "Complex soaps" are also common, these being combinations of metallic soaps, such as lithium and calcium soaps.

Biogrease Based on Palm Oil and Lithium Soap Thickener ...

Feb 10, 2018 ... The thickeners are base oil alone [3]. usually soaps, such as lithium, sodium and calcium salts Base oils used to formulate grease are normally of long chain fatty acids. The most common ..... manufacturing greases with lithium soap as thickener. as saponification, soap dissolution, re-crystallization and.

HOW TO THICKEN HOMEMADE LIQUID SOAP – Craftiviti

Making soap requires several stages and one of them is to thicken the soap. Here's how to do it. Xanthan Gum. Xanthan gum is a plant-based thickening agent while guar gum is a thickener in cosmetic formulations. Add ½ teaspoon of xanthan gum to ¼ cup of room temperature distilled water. Then, use a mixer or use your...

How To Make DIY Liquid Castile Soap | Northwest Edible Life

Feb 17, 2016 ... I made 6 gallons of liquid soap so you don't have to. You know about Dr. Bronner's Liquid Castile Soap. It's been an all-in-one, all-natural cleaning solution for generations of hippies, greenies and all manner of natural living advocates. Dr. Bronner's is great, but at $60 a gallon, it's not the cheapest cleaner...

How Is Soap Made - Handcrafted Soap & Cosmetic Guild

Handcrafted soaps made from scratch require three ingredients to become soap: oil (animal or vegetable oil, not petroleum-based oil), water and lye. These three ingredients, mixed together in correct proportions, combine and chemically change into soap - a process called "saponification". They may include other...

Grease Basics - Efficient Plant

Greases are classified into two major families: soap and non-soap thickeners. More than 90% of the thickeners used worldwide are soap based. Soap-based thickeners are produced from an acid base reaction. The acid is a fatty, along with, in some cases, a short-chain organic complexing acid. Saponification, the process...

Saponification and Soapmaking - El Camino College

Virtually any kind of fat or oil can be converted to soap by combining it with an aqueous base. In ... procedure, a 95% saponification value will be used so that no base remains in the soap and there is a 5% excess ... minutes and do not observe any thickening, you may gently heat up the mixture slightly using a hotplate to.

Noah's Ark: Tips and Troubleshooting

FIX. Soap won't trace, Not enough lye, too much water, wrong temperatures, stirring too slow, If measurements and temperatures are correct, continue stirring up to 4 hours or until trace. After 4 hours stirring, if it shows signs of thickening, pour into molds regardless of trace and hope for the best. Lye and fat separate in mold,...

Soap Making Terminology | Nature's Garden Soap Classes

Cold Process Soap Making- The term cold process is actually attributed to the fact that there is no outside heating source required for saponification; the lye mixture itself heats and ..... Trace- This term references the stage in the soaping process where the batter begins to thicken because of the saponification process.

Soap Making in the Lab: The Art of Rescuing Mistakes

Aug 27, 2015 ... When the lye solution cools to135-145⁰ F, gradually add it to the hot oil in a slow stream. Use an immersion blender to mix the oils and lye solution. The mixture will thicken as saponification begins. Mix until the solution “traces,” which takes about ten mins. “Trace” is a point in the soap making process...

100% coconut liquid soap - Curious Soapmaker

Jan 22, 2012 ... Hot process ensures saponification of all fatty acids if you want transparent soap and soap is finished in few hours. ... When using KOH, you mix quite long time without any substantial thickening and then, suddenly when you start to get bored the soap mass thickens in seconds into an asfalt-like broth.

Saponification | Define Saponification at Dictionary.com

Saponification definition, to convert (a fat) into soap by treating with an alkali. See more.

How to Make Homemade Liquid Shampoo Using Liz Ardlady's ...

6 days ago ... After I had used Liz's shampoo bar recipe for a year or so, I became interested in making liquid soap and thought, "Why not make a liquid shampoo using .... even if you measured correctly, because the SAP values of oils used to calculate the amount of lye needed for saponification are variable — though...

Cold Process Soap Considerations - Milky Way Molds

Helpful hints and considerations when making cold process soap products. ... Soap needs a certain amount of heat to saponify properly. Most cold-process soap books call for pour ... If your soap does thicken before all the cavities are filled, spoon the soap in and tap the molds lightly on the counter top. The clear plastic will...

Soaps and Detergents - New World Encyclopedia

Oct 14, 2015 ... This lye-fat mixture is stirred until it reaches a stage called "trace"—the point at which the saponification process is sufficiently advanced that the soap has begun to thicken. (Modern-day amateur soap makers often use a stick blender to speed this process.). There are varying levels of trace: light, medium,...

Ingredients -- Soap - Scitoys

Oils such as olive oil, soybean oil, or canola oil make softer soaps. Castile soap is any soap that is made primarily of olive oil, and is known for being mild and soft. As warm liquid fats react with lye and begin to saponify, they start to thicken like pudding. At this point dyes and perfumes are often added. The hardening liquid...

How to Make Liquid Soap | Chickens in the Road

Mar 24, 2011 ... When pursuing clear liquid soap, it's important that all the fatty acids are saponified (to avoid cloudiness or separation). For that reason, clear liquid soap recipes are .... For my hand soap and shampoo, I chose to dilute to 20 percent then thicken back with glycerin. Your diluted soap weight = the weight of...

Crockpot Hot Process Directions - Windstream

Hot process "volcano" - some ingredients can heat up more than normal when going through saponification in hot process soapmaking. Most notorious are soy shortening and ... This is when the mixture begins to thicken and will support a dollop of soap if dripped off of the spoon. Another way to tell is to run your soap...

Oils – The Stonesfield Soap Company

Most are added at 'trace' (the point at which the soap batter begins to thicken, showing that saponification has started). Although the lye decides which oils it saponifies and when, we feel that adding at this point increases the likelihood of the oils' survival through this harsh process. Nutrient oils that we often use include:

CHAPTER ONE 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the ... - UNN

Jan 15, 2003 ... is based on alkaline hydrolysis of fat and oil in a reaction known as saponification, according to the equations (1.1) ... lubricating greases and are often called thickener (Thorsten et al., 2002), the soap made from alkali derived from plantain peel ash could be useful as a thickener in lubricating greases and.

NaOH Biodiesel Glycerin (BDG) (Hybrid) Gel Soap | Dealing with ...

The soap will be a thickened liquid or gel because the sodium soaps will act as the thickener in the soap. There will be no need for any thickeners such as borax. The trick to this working just right is full saponification of the saponifiable elements left in the NaOH BDG. If you do not fully saponify the BDG you can end up with a...

Coconut Oil & Olive Oil Crockpot Soap Recipe | Wellness Mama

Jan 29, 2018 ... In soap making, a carefully measured water/lye mixture is blended with natural oils in a process called saponification. Lye is simply an agent .... After about 35-55 minutes (depending on crock pot) it will thicken enough that the entire surface is bubbly and the sides have collapsed in. At this point, turn the...

Saponification: Soap from a Coconut | Chemical Kim

Coconut to Soap, The Science of Oils and Saponification This is a great science activity that lets kids start with a coconut and finish with a bar of soap. Safety: Adult supervision a ... 3) Slowly add the sodium hydroxide solution to the oil and mix well until the combination begins to whiten and thicken. This is called getting to...

"Soaps," in - Wiley Online Library

In soap-making terminology, ''saponification'' is understood to mean simply the formation of soap. If a charge of suitable fats and oils is saponified with sodium hydroxide solution, the procedure is called ''neutral oil saponification''. If the charge consists of distilled fatty acids, the process is called ''fatty acid saponification''.

How Anointment Soap is Made - Anointment

Castile soap refers to any soap that is made primarily of olive oil, and is renowned for its mild, soft properties. The oils are heated to liquid and allowed to react with the lye at a controlled temperature, which causes them to saponify. At this stage, the mixture begins to thicken to a yogurt consistency and continues to thicken...

Anatomy of a Shaving Cream - Sharpologist

Mar 30, 2012 ... The word cocoate, usually preceded by sodium or potassium, may be found replacing coconut acid to indicate that saponification has occurred. Saponification literally means “soap making” (from the root word, “sapo”, which is Latin for soap), and is a chemical reaction used to produce fatty acids from...

Making Bacon Soap | Sustainable Scientist

Mar 4, 2013 ... Except that I didn't know how. Gods bless the Internets. Just a little bit of searching and I found a saponification value for bacon fat (the g/g ratio of lye needed to neutralize and convert particular fatty acids into soap molecules) and instructions on preparing the oil. BUT! Just because I knew how didn't mean I...

Glossary of Soap Making Terms - KimRidge Farm

Cold processed soap bars must cure on drying racks for 4 to 6 weeks to complete saponification and to harden more by dehydration. ... Thickening of the soap batter to a consistency that resembles Trace. False trace may ... The soap batter will thicken faster because the hard fats start solidifying at room temperatures.

A Recipe for Handmade Vegan Bar Soap | Frugally Sustainable

Jan 22, 2018 ... I make cold process soaps and I never cook it in a crock pot after it comes to “trace” or thicken after stirring 15 minutes or so. .... starting my soap-making (7 years ago) and my own experience make it clear that the bars need to 'cure' for a minimum of 3 weeks before use to allow ALL of the lye to saponify.

Liquid Soap - Robyn's Soap House

This luxurious liquid Castile soap is handmade with Australian extra Xinhai Olive Oil. It is mild and gentle on even the most sensitive skin. Can also be used for washing dishes, woollens and is even kind on car duco. When used in a Foamie container it is also good for spotting carpets and furniture. You can add your...

EXPERIMENT : SOAP MAKING (SAPONIFICATION)

Toilet soaps generally have been carefully washed free of any alkali remaining from the saponification. As much glycerol as possible is usually left in the soap, ... uses heat to speed the reaction resulting in fully saponified soap by the time you .... thicken and you can see trails of your mixture on the surface upon lifting your.

Point of Interest!: Weekend Wonderings: Thickening a liquid soap ...

Aug 3, 2013 ... Crothix won't work with liquid soap as it needs a pH range of 5.0 to 9.0, and castille soap has a pH of about 10. A soap has to have a pH of 8 or higher - alkaline - in order to be a soap. If you reduce the pH below 8, it de-saponifies and becomes a bunch of oil and water again. (Click here to see what...

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